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Here are the famous people who were born in October. Look down the list and see if the person born on the day of the month matches yours if you were born in October.

 

1

  • 1671 – Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)
  • 1724 – Giovanni Battista Cirri, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1729 – Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German organist and composer (d. 1777)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English author and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1762 – Anton Bernolák, Slovak priest and linguist (d. 1813)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1781 - James Lawrence 
  • 1791 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)
  • 1832 – Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and anatomist (d. 1920)

 

  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (d. 1724)
  • 1704 – František Tůma, Czech organist and composer (d. 1774)
  • 1718 – Elizabeth Montagu, English author and critic (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian instrument maker (d. 1776)
  • 1727 – Ignaz Schiffermüller, Austrian entomologist and academic (d. 1806)
  • 1768 – William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – Charles Albert of Sardinia (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American slave (d. 1831)
  • 1824 – Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1833 – William Corby, American priest and academic (d. 1897)

 

3

  • 1631 – Sebastian Anton Scherer, German organist and composer (d. 1712)
  • 1713 – Antoine Dauvergne, French violinist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1716 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1781)
  • 1720 – Johann Uz, German poet and judge (d. 1796)
  • 1790 – John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)
  • 1797 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French author, translator, and educator (d. 1869)
  • 1828 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1837 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (d. 1885)

 

4

  • 1626 – Richard Cromwell, English academic and politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain (d. 1712)
  • 1657 – Francesco Solimena, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1747)
  • 1720 – Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian sculptor and illustrator (d. 1778)
  • 1723 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist and author (d. 1798)
  • 1759 – Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician and academic (d. 1803)
  • 1787 – François Guizot, French historian and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1874)
  • 1793 – Charles Pearson, English lawyer and politician (d. 1862)
  • 1807 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, Canadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Premier of Canada East (d. 1864)
  • 1814 – Jean-François Millet, French painter and educator (d. 1875)
  • 1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
  • 1835 – Jenny Twitchell Kempton, American opera singer and educator (d. 1921)
  • 1836 – Juliette Adam, French author (d. 1936)
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5

  • 1641 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 – Mary of Modena (d. 1718)
  • 1695 – John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
  • 1703 – Jonathan Edwards, American pastor and theologian (d. 1758)
  • 1712 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter (d. 1793)
  • 1713 – Denis Diderot, French philosopher and critic (d. 1784)
  • 1715 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist and educator (d. 1789)
  • 1717 – Marie Anne de Mailly, French mistress of Louis XV of France (d. 1744)
  • 1728 – Chevalier d'Eon, French diplomat and spy (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer and educator (d. 1818)
  • 1781 – Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1792 – Joseph Crosfield, English businessman (d. 1844)
  • 1795 – Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian brewer and politician, 13th Mayor of Halifax (d. 1873)
  • 1820 – David Wilber, American lawyer and politician (d. 1890)
  • 1824 – Henry Chadwick, English-American historian and author (d. 1908)
  • 1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886)

 

6

  • 1716 – George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1771)
  • 1732 – John Broadwood, Scottish businessman, co-founded Broadwood and Sons (d. 1812)
  • 1738 – Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1742 – Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian-Danish poet and playwright (d. 1755)
  • 1744 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University (d. 1813)
  • 1767 – Henri Christophe, Grenadian-Haitian king (d. 1820)
  • 1769 – Isaac Brock, English general and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1812)
  • 1773 – John MacCulloch, Scottish geologist and academic (d. 1835)
  • 1773 – Louis Philippe I of France (d. 1850)
  • 1801 – Hippolyte Carnot, French politician (d. 1888)
  • 1803 – Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Polish-German physicist and meteorologist (d. 1879)
  • 1820 – James Caulfeild, 3rd Earl of Charlemont, Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Armagh (d. 1892)
  • 1820 – Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano and actress (d. 1887)
  • 1831 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1916)
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7

  • 1713 – Granville Elliott, English general (d. 1759)
  • 1728 – Caesar Rodney, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 4th Governor of Delaware (d. 1784)
  • 1744 – Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and politician, War Governor of Saint Petersburg (d. 1819)
  • 1746 – William Billings, American composer and educator (d. 1800)
  • 1748 – Charles XIII of Sweden (d. 1818)
  • 1769 – Solomon Sibley, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, 1st Mayor of Detroit (d. 1846)
  • 1786 – Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1798 – Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, French instrument maker and businessman (d. 1875)
  • 1832 – Charles Crozat Converse, American lawyer and composer (d. 1918)
  • 1835 – Felix Draeseke, German composer and educator (d. 1913)
  • 1836 – Henri Elzéar Taschereau, Canadian scholar and jurist, 4th Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1911)

 

8

  • 1676 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish monk and scholar (d. 1764)
  • 1713 – Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and author (d. 1793)
  • 1715 – Michel Benoist, French scientist and missionary (d. 1774)
  • 1720 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (d. 1766)
  • 1747 – Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician (d. 1807)
  • 1765 – Harman Blennerhassett, English-Irish lawyer and politician (d. 1831)
  • 1789 – John Ruggles, American lawyer and politician (d. 1874)
  • 1789 – William John Swainson, English-New Zealand ornithologist and entomologist (d. 1855)
  • 1807 – Harriet Taylor Mill, English philosopher and activist (d. 1858)
  • 1818 – John Henninger Reagan, American judge and politician, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1905)
  • 1834 – Walter Kittredge, American violinist and composer (d. 1905)
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9

  • 1704 – Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757 – Charles X of France (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English egyptologist and sculptor (d. 1878)
  • 1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer and conductor (d. 1921)
  • 1837 – Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902)

 

10

  • 1656 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1669 – Johann Nicolaus Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1753)
  • 1678 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish colonel and politician, Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland (d. 1743)
  • 1684 – Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1700 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor and illustrator (d. 1759)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, French-English chemist, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1810)
  • 1780 – John Abercrombie, Scottish physician and philosopher (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American judge and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer and philanthropist (d. 1901)
  • 1819 – Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian and author (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, South African soldier and politician, 5th President of the South African Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1830 – Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (d. 1863)

 

11

  • 1661 – Melchior de Polignac, French cardinal and poet (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Frederick IV of Denmark (d. 1730)
  • 1672 – Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian-Romanian diplomat (d. 1742)
  • 1675 – Samuel Clarke, English clergyman and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1679 – Christian Vater, German organ builder (d. 1756)
  • 1738 – Arthur Phillip, English admiral and politician, 1st Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
  • 1739 – Grigory Potemkin, Russian general and politician (d. 1791)
  • 1758 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, German physician and astronomer (d. 1840)
  • 1786 – Stevenson Archer, American judge and politician (d. 1848)
  • 1788 – Simon Sechter, Austrian organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1867)
  • 1803 – Gregor von Helmersen, Estonian-Russian general and geologist (d. 1885)
  • 1809 – Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist and author (d. 1887)
  • 1814 – Jean-Baptiste Lamy, French-American archbishop (d. 1888)
  • 1815 – Pierre Napoléon Bonaparte, Italian-French politician (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – George Williams, English philanthropist, founded the YMCA (d. 1905)
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12 

  • 1687 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German lute player and composer (d. 1750)
  • 1710 – Jonathan Trumbull, American colonel and politician, 16th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1725 – Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1775 - Lyman Beecher, a Presbyterian minister, American Temperance Society co-founder and leader
  • 1792 – Christian Gmelin, German chemist and pharmacist (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss politician, 5th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1873)
  • 1815 – William J. Hardee, American general (d. 1873)
  • 1826 – Jules Charles Victurnien de Noailles, French son of Paul, 6th duc de Noailles (d. 1895)
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13

  • 1696 – John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English courtier and politician, Lord Privy Seal (d. 1743)
  • 1713 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish-English painter (d. 1784)
  • 1754 - Molly Pitcher (d. 1832)
  • 1756 – James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier, English admiral and politician, 36th Commodore Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1833)
  • 1768 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French admiral and explorer (d. 1839)
  • 1820 – John William Dawson, Canadian geologist and academic (d. 1899)
  • 1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1825 – Charles Frederick Worth, English fashion designer, founded House of Worth (d. 1895)
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14

  • 1630 – Sophia of Hanover (d. 1714)
  • 1633 – James II of England (d. 1701)
  • 1639 – Simon van der Stel, Dutch commander and politician, 1st Governor of the Dutch Cape Colony (d. 1712)
  • 1641 – Joachim Tielke German instrument maker (d. 1719)
  • 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor (d. 1712)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English businessman, founded the Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – George Grenville, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, Scottish-English admiral and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 – François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784 – Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1790 – Thursday October Christian I, English son of Fletcher Christian (d. 1831)
  • 1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist and academic, created the Phenakistoscope (d. 1883)
  • 1806 – Preston King, American politician (d. 1865)
  • 1824 – Adolphe Joseph Thomas Monticelli, French painter (d. 1886)

 

15

  • 1686 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet and playwright (d. 1758)
  • 1701 – Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian nun and saint, founded Grey Nuns (d. 1771)
  • 1711 – Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1762 – Samuel Adams Holyoke, American composer and educator (d. 1820)
  • 1784 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, French general and politician, Governor-General of Algeria (d. 1849)
  • 1785 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean general and politician (d. 1821)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author, poet, and painter (d. 1841)
  • 1818 – Alexander Dreyschock, Czech pianist and composer (d. 1869)
  • 1825 – Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer and academic (d. 1907)
  • 1836 – James Tissot, French painter and illustrator (d. 1902)

 

16

  • 1679 – Jan Dismas Zelenka, Czech composer (d. 1745)
  • 1710 – András Hadik, Austrian-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • 1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist and academic (d. 1795)
  • 1726 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish-German painter and educator (d. 1801)
  • 1729 – Pierre van Maldere, Belgian violinist and composer (d. 1768)
  • 1751 – Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1805)
  • 1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian and academic (d. 1827)
  • 1754 – Morgan Lewis, American general, lawyer, and politician, 3rd Governor of New York (d. 1844)
  • 1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer and author (d. 1843)
  • 1762 – Paul Hamilton, American soldier and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1816)
  • 1789 – William Burton, American physician and politician, 39th Governor of Delaware (d. 1866)
  • 1795 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • 1802 – Isaac Murphy, American educator and politician, 8th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1882)
  • 1804 – Benjamin Russell, American painter and educator (d. 1885)
  • 1806 – William P. Fessenden, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1869)
  • 1815 – Francis Lubbock, American colonel and politician, 9th Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1819 – Austin F. Pike, American lawyer and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1831 – Lucy Stanton, American activist (d. 1910)

 

17

  • 1688 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian missionary and composer (d. 1726)
  • 1711 – Jupiter Hammon, American poet (d. 1806)
  • 1719 – Jacques Cazotte, French author and academic (d. 1792)
  • 1720 – Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1725 – John Wilkes, English journalist and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1729 – Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, French composer (d. 1817)
  • 1760 – Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon, French economist and philosopher (d. 1825)
  • 1810 – Adolphe-Félix Cals, French painter (d. 1880)
  • 1811 – Albertus van Raalte, Dutch-American pastor (d. 1876)
  • 1813 – Georg Büchner, German-Swiss poet and playwright (d. 1837)
  • 1814 – Yakiv Holovatsky, Ukrainian historian, scholar, and poet (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian philosopher and scholar (d. 1898)

 

18

  • 1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1705)
  • 1653 – Abraham van Riebeeck, South African-Dutch merchant and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 – Matthew Henry, Welsh minister and scholar (d. 1714)
  • 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy (d. 1736)
  • 1668 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
  • 1679 – Ann Putnam, Jr., American witness in the Salem witch trials (d. 1716)
  • 1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian and author (d. 1778)
  • 1706 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (d. 1785)
  • 1741 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1777 – Heinrich von Kleist, German author and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1785 – Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (d. 1866)
  • 1804 – Mongkut, Thai king (d. 1868)
  • 1831 – Frederick III, German Emperor (d. 1888)
  • 1836 – Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
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19

  • 1658 – Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680 – John Abernethy, Irish minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 – William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1701 – Helen and Judith of Szony, Hungarian conjoined twins (d. 1723)
  • 1718 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, French general and politician, French Secretary of State for War (d. 1804)
  • 1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)
  • 1721 – Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist and sinologist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 – Leigh Hunt, English poet and critic (d. 1859)
  • 1784 – John McLoughlin, Canadian-American fur trader (d. 1857)
  • 1789 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and philosopher (d. 1853)
  • 1807 – Edward Bigge, English cleric, 1st Archdeacon of Lindisfarne (d. 1844)
  • 1810 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 1903)
  • 1814 – Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter (d. 1878)
  • 1826 – Ralph Tollemache, English priest (d. 1895)

 

20

  • 1632 – Christopher Wren, English architect, designed St Paul's Cathedral (d. 1723)
  • 1660 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 1723)
  • 1677 – Stanisław I of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1700 – Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, French wife of Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711 – Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, (d. 1795)
  • 1719 – Gottfried Achenwall, German historian, economist, and jurist (d. 1772)
  • 1740 – Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (d. 1805)
  • 1759 – Chauncey Goodrich, American lawyer and politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 – Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (d. 1825)
  • 1784 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1865)
  • 1785 – George Ormerod, English historian and author (d. 1873)
  • 1790 – Patrick Matthew. Scottish originator of the first full and complete hypothesis of natural selection in 1831 (d. 1874)
  • 1801 – Melchior Berri, Swiss architect, designed the Natural History Museum of Basel (d. 1854)
  • 1808 – Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (d. 1875)
  • 1819 – Báb, Iranian religious leader, founded Bábism (d. 1850)
  • 1819 – Karol Mikuli, Ukrainian-Polish pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1897)
  • 1822 – Thomas Hughes, English lawyer, judge, and author (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (d. 1894)

 

21

  • 1650 – Jean Bart, French admiral (d. 1702)
  • 1675 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
  • 1687 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and theorist (d. 1759)
  • 1712 – James Steuart, Scottish economist and author (d. 1780)
  • 1725 – Franz Moritz von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)
  • 1757 – Pierre Augereau, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch general, lawyer, and politician, 36th Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1818)
  • 1772 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1834)
  • 1775 – Giuseppe Baini, Italian priest, composer, and critic (d. 1844)
  • 1790 – Alphonse de Lamartine, French poet and politician, French Head of State (d. 1869)
  • 1811 – Filippo Colini, Italian opera singer (d. 1863)
  • 1821 – Sims Reeves, English tenor (d. 1900)
  • 1833 – Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer, invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (d. 1896)

 

22

  • 1659 – Georg Ernst Stahl, German chemist and physician (d. 1734)
  • 1689 – John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
  • 1701 – Maria Amalia of Austria (d. 1756)
  • 1729 – Johann Reinhold Forster, German pastor and botanist (d. 1798)
  • 1734 – Daniel Boone, American hunter and explorer (d. 1820)
  • 1749 – Cornelis van der Aa, Dutch historian and bookseller (d. 1816)
  • 1809 – Volney Howard, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Texas Attorney General (d. 1889)
  • 1811 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886)
  • 1818 – Leconte de Lisle, French poet and author (d. 1894)
  • 1821 – Collis Potter Huntington, American businessman (d. 1900)
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23

  • 1634 – Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp (d. 1715)
  • 1654 – Johann Bernhard Staudt, Austrian composer (d. 1712)
  • 1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed the École Militaire (d. 1782)
  • 1705 – Maximilian Ulysses Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1713 – Pieter Burman the Younger, Dutch philologist, poet, and educator (d. 1778)
  • 1715 – Peter II of Russia (d. 1730)
  • 1752 – Maria Anna Adamberger, Austrian actress (d. 1804)
  • 1762 – Samuel Morey, American engineer (d. 1843)
  • 1766 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French general (d. 1847)
  • 1790 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman, lexicographer, and educator (d. 1860)
  • 1796 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss statistician and politician (d. 1857)
  • 1801 – Albert Lortzing, German actor, singer, and composer (d. 1851)
  • 1805 – John Russell Bartlett, American linguist and historian (d. 1886)
  • 1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, German-Australian explorer (d. 1848)
  • 1815 – João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotejipe, Brazilian politician (d. 1889)
  • 1817 – Pierre Larousse, French lexicographer and author (d. 1875)
  • 1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
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24

  • 1632 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch biologist and microbiologist (d. 1723)
  • 1675 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (d. 1749)
  • 1713 – Marie Fel, French soprano (d. 1794)
  • 1739 – Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (d. 1807)
  • 1763 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German author and translator (d. 1839)
  • 1788 – Sarah Josepha Hale, American author and poet (d. 1879)
  • 1804 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist and academic (d. 1891)
  • 1811 – Ferdinand Hiller, German composer and conductor (d. 1885)
  • 1830 – Marianne North, English biologist and painter (d. 1890)
  • 1830 - Belva Ann Lockwood, American attorney, politician, educator, and author (d.1917)
  • 1838 – Annie Edson Taylor, American stuntwoman and educator (d. 1921)

 

25 

  • 1683 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, English-Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1757)
  • 1709 – Georg Gebel, German organist and composer (d. 1753)
  • 1759 – Maria Feodorovna, Russian wife of Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
  • 1759 – William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1834)
  • 1767 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss-French philosopher and politician (d. 1830)
  • 1772 – Géraud Duroc, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1782 – Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1800 – Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, English poet, historian, and politician, Secretary at War (d. 1859)
  • 1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strongman (d. 1864)

 

26

  • 1673 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian geographer, historian, and philosopher (d. 1723)
  • 1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1685 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
  • 1747 – Ivan Mane Jarnović, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1804)
  • 1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher and academic (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Georges Danton, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Justice (d. 1794)
  • 1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect, designed the Grand Kremlin Palace and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (d. 1881)
  • 1795 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer and theorist (d. 1872)
  • 1797 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
  • 1799 – Margaret Agnes Bunn, Scottish actress (d. 1883)
  • 1800 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
  • 1802 – Miguel I of Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1803 – Joseph Hansom, English architect, designed Birmingham Town Hall (d. 1882)

 

27

  • 1703 – Johann Gottlieb Graun, German violinist and composer (d. 1771)
  • 1728* - James Cook British Naval Captain
  • 1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
  • 1760 – August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1831)
  • 1766 – Nancy Storace, English soprano (d. 1817)
  • 1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
  • 1806 – Juan Seguín, American colonel, judge, and politician, 101st Mayor of San Antonio (d. 1890)
  • 1811 – Stevens T. Mason, American politician, 1st Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1811 – Isaac Singer, American businessman, founded the Singer Corporation (d. 1875)
  • 1814 – Daniel H. Wells, American religious leader and politician, 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City (d. 1891)
  • 1838 – John Davis Long, American lawyer and politician, 34th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1915)

 

28

  • 1667 – Maria Anna of Neuburg (d. 1740)
  • 1690 – Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian admiral (d. 1720)
  • 1693 – Šimon Brixi, Czech composer (d. 1735)
  • 1696 – Maurice de Saxe, Marshal General of France (d. 1750)
  • 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian priest, mathematician, astronomer, and explorer (d. 1793)
  • 1733 – Franz Ignaz von Beecke, German composer (d. 1803)
  • 1767 – Marie of Hesse-Kassel (d. 1852)
  • 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American businessman, founded Remington Arms (d. 1861)
  • 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 1849)
  • 1815 – Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak philologist and politician (d. 1856)
  • 1837 – Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japanese shogun (d. 1913)

 

29

  • 1682 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian, explorer, and author (d. 1761)
  • 1690 – Martin Folkes, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1754)
  • 1704 – John Byng, English admiral and politician, 11th Commodore Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1757)
  • 1740 – James Boswell, Scottish-English lawyer and author (d. 1795)
  • 1808 – Caterina Scarpellini, Italian astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1815 – Dan Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1822 – Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Russian-Polish cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1832 – Narcisa de Jesús, Ecuadorian saint (d. 1869)

 

30 

  • 1668 – Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (d. 1705)
  • 1735 – John Adams, American lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1748 – Martha Jefferson, American wife of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1782)
  • 1751 – Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish-English poet, playwright, and politician, Treasurer of the Navy (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – André Chénier, Turkish-French poet and playwright (d. 1794)
  • 1786 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, Canadian author (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Ignace Bourget, Canadian bishop (d. 1885)
  • 1839 – Alfred Sisley, French-English painter (d. 1899)

 

31

  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English gardener and author (d. 1706)
  • 1632* – Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1686 – Senesino, Italian singer and actor (d. 1758)
  • 1692 – Anne Claude de Caylus, French archaeologist and author (d. 1765)
  • 1694 – Yeongjo of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English author and poet (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator and politician (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, English-Italian poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French-Algerian cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American architect, designed the New York Tribune Building (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist, physiologist, and anthropologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adelbert Ames, American general and politician, 27th Governor of Mississippi (d. 1933)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian linguist and author (d. 1923)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)

 *Date of baptism According to the Old Style Calendar