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Here are the famous people who were born in December. Look down the list and see if the person born on the day of the month matches yours if you were born in December.

 

1

  • 1690 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (d. 1764)
  • 1709 – Franz Xaver Richter, Czech singer-songwriter, violinist, and conductor (d. 1789)
  • 1716 – Étienne Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (d. 1791)
  • 1743 – Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (d. 1817)
  • 1761 – Marie Tussaud, French sculptor, founded Madame Tussauds Wax Museum (d. 1850)
  • 1792 – Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician and geometer (d. 1856)

2

  • 1694 – William Shirley, English lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1771)
  • 1703 – Ferdinand Konšcak, Croatian missionary and explorer (d. 1759)
  • 1710 – Bertinazzi, Italian actor and author (d. 1783)
  • 1738 – Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)
  • 1754 – William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)
  • 1759 – James Edward Smith, English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society (d. 1828)
  • 1760 – John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)
  • 1760 – Joseph Graetz, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1826)
  • 1810 – Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)
  • 1811 – Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian farmer and politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1885)
  • 1817 – Heinrich von Sybel, German historian, academic, and politician (d. 1895)
  • 1825 – Pedro II of Brazil (d. 1891)

3

  • 1722 – Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet, composer, and philosopher (d. 1794)
  • 1729 – Antonio Soler, Spanish composer and theorist (d. 1783)
  • 1755 – Gilbert Stuart, American painter (d. 1828)
  • 1800 – France Prešeren, Slovenian poet and lawyer (d. 1849)
  • 1826 – George B. McClellan, American general and politician, 24th Governor of New Jersey (d. 1885)
  • 1833 – Carlos Finlay, Spanish-Cuban physician (d. 1915)

 

4

  • 1646 – Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, French field marshal (d. 1730)
  • 1647 – Daniel Eberlin, German soldier and composer (d. 1715)
  • 1660 – André Campra, French composer and conductor (d. 1744)
  • 1667 – Michel Pignolet de Montéclair, French composer (d. 1737)
  • 1670 – John Aislabie, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1742)
  • 1711 – Barbara of Portugal (d. 1758)
  • 1713 – Gasparo Gozzi, Italian playwright and critic (d. 1786)
  • 1777 – Juliette Récamier, French businesswoman (d. 1849)
  • 1795 – Thomas Carlyle, Scottish-English historian, philosopher, and academic (d. 1881)
  • 1798 – Jules Armand Dufaure, French politician, 33rd Prime Minister of France (d. 1881)
  • 1817 – Nikoloz Baratashvili, Georgian poet (d. 1845)
  • 1835 – Samuel Butler, English author and critic (d. 1902)

 

5

  • 1661 – Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, English politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (d. 1724)
  • 1666 – Francesco Scarlatti, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1741)
  • 1687 – Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1762)
  • 1697 – Giuseppe de Majo, Italian organist and composer (d. 1771)
  • 1782 – Martin Van Buren, American lawyer and politician, 8th President of the United States (d. 1862)
  • 1784 – George Shepherd, English draughtsman and watercolour painter (d. 1862)
  • 1803 – Fyodor Tyutchev, Russian poet and diplomat (d. 1873)
  • 1820 – Afanasy Fet, Russian poet and author (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American philosopher and academic, co-founded Radcliffe College (d. 1907)
  • 1829 – Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian politician, 4th Premier of Quebec (d. 1908)
  • 1830 – Christina Rossetti, English poet and author (d. 1894)

 

6

  • 1637 – Edmund Andros, English courtier and politician, 4th Colonial Governor of New York (d. 1714)
  • 1640 – Claude Fleury, French historian and author (d. 1723)
  • 1642 – Johann Christoph Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1703)
  • 1685 – Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (d. 1712)
  • 1721 – James Elphinston, Scottish philologist and educator (d. 1809)
  • 1721 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French minister and politician (d. 1794)
  • 1732 -  Warren Hastings 
  • 1752 – Gabriel Duvall, American jurist and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1778 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist (d. 1850)
  • 1792 – William II of the Netherlands (d. 1849)
  • 1803 – Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1805 – Adolf Reubke, German organ builder (d. 1875)
  • 1805 – Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician (d. 1861)
  • 1812 – Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman and philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • 1823 – Max Müller, German-English philologist and orientalist (d. 1900)
  • 1833 – John S. Mosby, American colonel (d. 1916)

 

7

  • 1637 – Bernardo Pasquini, Italian organist and composer (d. 1710)
  • 1724 – Louise of Great Britain (d. 1751)
  • 1764 – Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French general and politician, French Minister of War (d. 1841)
  • 1784 – Allan Cunningham, Scottish author and poet (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Ferenc Novák, Hungarian-Slovene priest and poet (d. 1836)
  • 1792 – Abraham Jacob van der Aa, Dutch author and academic (d. 1857)
  • 1801 – Johann Nestroy, Austrian actor and playwright (d. 1862)
  • 1810 – Josef Hyrtl, Hungarian-Austrian anatomist and biologist (d. 1894)
  • 1810 – Theodor Schwann, German physiologist and biologist (d. 1882)
  • 1823 – Leopold Kronecker, Polish-German mathematician and academic (d. 1891)
  • 1838 – Thomas Bent, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of Victoria (d. 1909) 

 

8

  • 1678 – Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole, English politician and diplomat, British Ambassador to France (d. 1757)
  • 1699 – Maria Josepha of Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1708 – Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1765)
  • 1724 – Claude Balbastre, French organist and composer (d. 1799)
  • 1730 – Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch physician, physiologist, and botanist (d. 1799)
  • 1731 – František Xaver Dušek, Czech pianist and composer (d. 1799)
  • 1756 – Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria (d. 1801)
  • 1765 – Eli Whitney, American engineer, invented the cotton gin (d. 1825)
  • 1795 – Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1874)
  • 1815 – Adolph Menzel, German painter and illustrator (d. 1905)
  • 1816 – August Belmont, Prussian-American financier and diplomat, 16th United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1817 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish politician, 10th Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1896)
  • 1818 – Charles III, Prince of Monaco (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Jakov Ignjatović, Hungarian-Serbian author (d. 1889)
  • 1832 – Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian-French author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1910)

 

9

  • 1652 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist (d. 1723)
  • 1667 – William Whiston, English mathematician, historian, and theologian (d. 1752)
  • 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1768)
  • 1721 – Peter Pelham, English-American organist and composer (d. 1805)
  • 1728 – Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi, Italian composer (d. 1804)
  • 1745 – Maddalena Laura Sirmen, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1818)
  • 1748 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist and academic (d. 1822)
  • 1751 – Maria Luisa of Parma (d. 1819)
  • 1752 – Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general and military engineer (d. 1813)
  • 1787 – John Dobson, English architect, designed Eldon Square and Lilburn Tower (d. 1865)
  • 1806 – Jean-Olivier Chénier, Canadian physician (d. 1838)
  • 1813 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (d. 1885)
  • 1837 – Émile Waldteufel, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1915)

 

10

  • 1713 – Johann Nicolaus Mempel, German cantor and organist (d. 1747)
  • 1751 – George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist (d. 1813)
  • 1776 – Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (d. 1848)
  • 1787 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator, founded the American School for the Deaf (d. 1851)
  • 1804 – Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician and academic (d. 1851)
  • 1805 – Joseph Škoda, Czech physician, dermatologist, and academic (d. 1881)
  • 1815 – Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1852)
  • 1821 – Nikolay Nekrasov, Russian poet and critic (d. 1877)
  • 1822 – César Franck, Belgian organist and composer (d. 1890)
  • 1824 – George MacDonald, Scottish minister, author, and poet (d. 1905)
  • 1827 – Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1913)
  • 1830 – Emily Dickinson, American poet (d. 1886)

 

11

  • 1680 – Emanuele d'Astorga, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1709 – Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, French wife of Louis I of Spain (d. 1742)
  • 1712 – Francesco Algarotti, Italian poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1764)
  • 1725 – George Mason, American lawyer and politician (d. 1792)
  • 1758 – Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1832)
  • 1761 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist, economist, and jurist (d. 1835)
  • 1781 – David Brewster, Scottish physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1868)
  • 1801 – Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German poet and playwright (d. 1836)
  • 1803 – Hector Berlioz, French composer, conductor, and critic (d. 1869)
  • 1810 – Alfred de Musset, French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1857)
  • 1830 – Kamehameha V of Hawaii (d. 1872)
  • 1838 – John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (d. 1915) 

 

12

  • 1685 – Lodovico Giustini, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1743)
  • 1712 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (d. 1780)
  • 1715 – Gennaro Manna, Italian composer (d. 1779)
  • 1724 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, English admiral and politician (d. 1816)
  • 1731 – Erasmus Darwin, English physician and poet (d. 1802)
  • 1745 – John Jay, American jurist and politician, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)
  • 1766 – Nikolay Karamzin, Russian poet and historian (d. 1826)
  • 1779 – Madeleine Sophie Barat, French nun and saint, founded the Society of the Sacred Heart (d. 1865)
  • 1783 – Ner Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
  • 1786 – William L. Marcy, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (d. 1857)
  • 1791 – Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (d. 1847)
  • 1792 – Alexander Ypsilantis, Greek-Russian general (d. 1828)
  • 1799 – Karl Bryullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
  • 1805 – William Lloyd Garrison, American journalist and activist, founded The Liberator (d. 1879)
  • 1805 – Henry Wells, American businessman, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1878)
  • 1806 – Stand Watie, American general (d. 1871)
  • 1812 – John Sandfield Macdonald, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Ontario (d. 1872)
  • 1814 – Juan Prim, 1st Marquis of los Castillejos, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1870)
  • 1821 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist and playwright (d. 1880)

 

13

  • 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1684 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian, philosopher, and author (d. 1754)
  • 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)
  • 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)
  • 1780 – Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner's lamp (d. 1849)
  • 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)
  • 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse (d. 1880)
  • 1816 – Werner von Siemens, German engineer and inventor (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln, 17th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)

 

14

  • 1678 – Daniel Neal, English historian and author (d. 1743)
  • 1720 – Justus Möser, German jurist and theorist (d. 1794)
  • 1730 – Capel Bond, English organist and composer (d. 1790)
  • 1738 – Jan Antonín Koželuh, Czech composer and educator (d. 1814)
  • 1775 – Philander Chase, American bishop and educator, founded Kenyon College (d. 1852)
  • 1775 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish admiral and adventurer (d. 1860)
  • 1777 – Du Pre Alexander, 2nd Earl of Caledon (d. 1839)
  • 1784 – Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (d. 1806)
  • 1787 – Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este (d. 1816)
  • 1791 – Charles Wolfe, Irish priest and poet (d. 1823)
  • 1794 – Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1816 – Abraham Hochmuth, Hungarian rabbi (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter and illustrator (d. 1898) 

 

15

  • 1657 – Michel Richard Delalande, French organist and composer (d. 1726)
  • 1686 – Jean-Joseph Fiocco, Flemish violinist and composer (d. 1746)
  • 1789 – Carlos Soublette, Venezuelan general and politician, 11th President of Venezuela (d. 1870)
  • 1832 – Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect, co-designed the Eiffel Tower (d. 1923) 

 

16

  • 1714 - George Whitefield  English Anglican cleric who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain and, especially, in the American colonies.
  • 1716 – Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, French poet and diplomat (d. 1798)
  • 1717 – Elizabeth Carter, English poet and scholar (d. 1806)
  • 1742 – Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, German field marshal (d. 1819)
  • 1770 -  Ludwig van Beethoven (d. 1827)
  • 1775 – Jane Austen, English author (d. 1817)
  • 1775 – François-Adrien Boieldieu, French pianist and composer (d. 1834)
  • 1776 – Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1810)
  • 1778 – John Ordronaux, French-American soldier (d. 1841)
  • 1787 – Mary Russell Mitford, English author and playwright (d. 1855)
  • 1790 – Leopold I of Belgium (d. 1865)
  • 1804 – Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1889)
  • 1834 – Léon Walras, French-Swiss economist and theorist (d. 1910)
  • 1836 – Ernst von Bergmann, Latvian-German surgeon and academic (d. 1907)

 

17

  • 1685 – Thomas Tickell, English poet (d. 1740)
  • 1699 – Charles-Louis Mion, French composer (d. 1775)
  • 1706 – Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1749)
  • 1734 – Maria I of Portugal (d. 1816)
  • 1749 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer and educator (d. 1801)
  • 1778 – Humphry Davy, English chemist and physicist (d. 1829)
  • 1785 – Dorothea Lieven, Russian wife of Christopher Lieven (d. 1857)
  • 1796 – Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian judge and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1797 – Joseph Henry, American physicist and engineer (d. 1878)
  • 1807 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist (d. 1892)
  • 1812 – Vilhelm Petersen, Danish painter (d. 1880)
  • 1827 – Alexander Wassilko von Serecki, Austrian lawyer and politician (d. 1893)
  • 1830 – Jules de Goncourt, French author and critic (d. 1870)
  • 1835 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, Swiss-American ichthyologist and engineer (d. 1910)

 

18

  • 1660 – Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1715)
  • 1661 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish physicist and inventor (d. 1751)
  • 1662 – James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish colonel and politician, Secretary of State for Scotland (d. 1711)
  • 1707 – Charles Wesley, English missionary and composer (d. 1788)
  • 1725 – Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and theologian (d. 1791)
  • 1734 – Jean-Baptiste Rey, French conductor and composer (d. 1810)
  • 1778 – Joseph Grimaldi, English actor and dancer (d. 1837)
  • 1825 – Charles Griffin, American general (d. 1876)
  • 1825 – John S. Harris, American surveyor and politician (d. 1906)
  • 1835 – Lyman Abbott, American minister, theologian, and author (d. 1922) 

 

19

  • 1683 – Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
  • 1699 – William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
  • 1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer and educator (d. 1779)
  • 1778 – Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1851)
  • 1779 – Albine de Montholon, French mistress of Napoleon (d. 1848)
  • 1796 – Manuel Bretón de los Herreros, Spanish poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1873)
  • 1817 – James J. Archer, American lawyer and general (d. 1864)
  • 1820 – Mary Livermore, American journalist and activist (d. 1905)
  • 1825 – George Frederick Bristow, American violinist and composer (d. 1898)
  • 1831 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, American philanthropist (d. 1884)

 

20

  • 1641 – Urban Hjärne, Swedish chemist, geologist, and physician (d. 1724)
  • 1717 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1787)
  • 1740 – Arthur Lee, American physician and diplomat (d. 1792)
  • 1786 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (d. 1853)
  • 1792 – Nicolas Toussaint Charlet, French painter (d. 1845)
  • 1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – Edwin Abbott Abbott, English theologian, author, and educator (d. 1926)

 

21

  • 1639 - Jean Baptiste Racine  
  • 1672 – Benjamin Schmolck, German pastor and composer (d. 1737)
  • 1714 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-English general (d. 1774)
  • 1728 – Hermann Raupach, German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1778)
  • 1761 - Patriot Robert Barnwell (d.1814)
  • 1778 – Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish jurist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1860)
  • 1795 – John Russell, English hunter and dog breeder (d. 1883)
  • 1795 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian, author, and academic (d. 1886)
  • 1803 – Achille Vianelli, Italian painter (d. 1894)
  • 1804 – Benjamin Disraeli, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1881)
  • 1805 – Thomas Graham, Scottish chemist and academic (d. 1869)
  • 1811 – Archibald Tait, Scottish-English archbishop (d. 1882)
  • 1815 – Thomas Couture, French painter and educator (d. 1879)
  • 1818 – Amalia of Oldenburg (d. 1875)
  • 1820 – William H. Osborn, American businessman (d. 1894)
  • 1830 – Bartolomé Masó, Cuban soldier and politician (d. 1907)
  • 1832 – John H. Ketcham, American general and politician (d. 1906)

 

22

  • 1666 – Guru Gobind Singh, Indian guru and poet (d. 1708)
  • 1694 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and academic (d. 1768)
  • 1696 – James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (d. 1785)
  • 1723 – Carl Friedrich Abel, German viol player and composer (d. 1787)
  • 1765 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician and academic (d. 1825)
  • 1805 – John Obadiah Westwood, English entomologist and archaeologist (d. 1893)
  • 1807 – Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian author, poet, and critic (d. 1873)
  • 1819 – Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (d. 1870)
  • 1819 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician and academic (d. 1892)

 

23 

  • 1689 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (d. 1755)
  • 1690 – Pamheiba, Indian emperor (d. 1751)
  • 1713 – Maruyama Gondazaemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 3rd Yokozuna (d. 1749)
  • 1732 – Richard Arkwright, English businessman and inventor, invented the Water frame and Spinning frame (d. 1792)
  • 1750 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1758 – Nathan Wilson, American soldier and politician (d. 1834)
  • 1777 – Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
  • 1790 – Jean-François Champollion, French philologist, orientalist, and scholar (d. 1832)
  • 1804 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French author, critic, and academic (d. 1869)
  • 1805 – Joseph Smith, American religious leader, 1st President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1844)
  • 1812 – Samuel Smiles, Scottish-English author (d. 1904)
  • 1819 – Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)

 

24

  • 1635 – Mariana of Austria (d. 1696)
  • 1679 – Domenico Sarro, Italian composer (d. 1744)
  • 1698 – William Warburton, English bishop (d. 1779)
  • 1726 – Johann Hartmann, Danish composer (d. 1793)
  • 1731 – Julie Bondeli, Swiss salonist (d. 1778)
  • 1754 – George Crabbe, English surgeon, clergyman, and poet (d. 1832)
  • 1761 – Selim III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1808)
  • 1761 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)
  • 1784 – Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
  • 1798 – Adam Mickiewicz, Polish poet and playwright (d. 1855)
  • 1809 – Kit Carson, American general (d. 1868)
  • 1810 – Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter and illustrator (d. 1873)
  • 1812 – Karl Eduard Zachariae von Lingenthal, German lawyer and jurist (d. 1894)
  • 1818 – James Prescott Joule, English physicist and brewer (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic (d. 1888)
  • 1827 – Alexander von Oettingen, German theologian and statistician (d. 1905)
  • 1837 – Empress Elisabeth of Austria (d. 1898)
  • 1837 – Cosima Wagner, German daughter of Franz Liszt (d. 1930) 

 

25  

  • 1628 – Noël Coypel, French painter (d. 1707)
  • 1642 – Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician (d. 1726/7)
  • 1652 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician, anatomist, and scholar (d. 1713)
  • 1665 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish-English poet and songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1667 – Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal (d. 1743)
  • 1674 – Thomas Halyburton, Scottish minister and theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1686 – Giovanni Battista Somis, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1763)
  • 1696 – Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar (d. 1715)
  • 1700 – Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1758)
  • 1711 – Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, French violinist and composer (d. 1772)
  • 1716 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar (d. 1774)
  • 1717 – Pope Pius VI (d. 1799)
  • 1728 – Johann Adam Hiller, German composer and conductor (d. 1804)
  • 1730 – Philip Mazzei, Italian-American physician and philosopher (d. 1816)
  • 1742 – Charlotte von Stein, German assistant of Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (d. 1827)
  • 1745 – Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Caribbean-French violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1799)
  • 1757 – Benjamin Pierce, American general and politician, 17th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1839)
  • 1763 – Claude Chappe, French engineer (d. 1805)
  • 1771 – Dorothy Wordsworth, English author and poet (d. 1855)
  • 1776 – Sydney, Lady Morgan, Irish-English author (d. 1859)
  • 1817 – John Hewitt Jellett, Irish priest and academic (d. 1888)
  • 1821 – Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founded the American Red Cross (d. 1912)
  • 1825 – Stephen F. Chadwick, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Oregon (d. 1895)
  • 1829 – Patrick Gilmore, Irish-American composer and bandleader (d. 1892)

 

26

  • 1646 – Robert Bolling, English-American merchant and planter (d. 1709)
  • 1687 – Johann Georg Pisendel, German violinist and composer (d. 1755)
  • 1716 – Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French soldier and philosopher (d. 1803)
  • 1716 – Thomas Gray, English poet and scholar (d. 1771)
  • 1723 – Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, German-French author and playwright (d. 1807)
  • 1737 – Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1815)
  • 1751 – Clemens Maria Hofbauer, Austrian priest, missionary, and saint (d. 1820)
  • 1771 – Julie Clary, French wife of Joseph Bonaparte (d. 1845)
  • 1780 – Mary Somerville, Scottish mathematician, astronomer, and author (d. 1872)
  • 1785 – Étienne Constantin de Gerlache, Belgian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 1871)
  • 1782 – Philaret Drozdov, Russian metropolitan (d. 1867)
  • 1791 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the Difference engine (d. 1871)
  • 1803 – Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Estonian physician and author (d. 1882)
  • 1819 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, American author and educator (d. 1899)
  • 1820 – Dion Boucicault, Irish actor and playwright (d. 1890)
  • 1837 – Morgan Bulkeley, American soldier and politician, 54th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1922)
  • 1837 – George Dewey, American admiral (d. 1917)

 

 

27

  • 1683 – Conyers Middleton, English clergyman and theologian (d. 1750)
  • 1714 – George Whitefield, English-American preacher and saint (d. 1770)
  • 1715 – Philippe de Noailles, French general (d. 1794)
  • 1721 – François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher and author (d. 1790)
  • 1761 – Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Finland (d. 1818)
  • 1773 – George Cayley, English engineer and politician (d. 1857)
  • 1776 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • 1796 – Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • 1803 – François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier, Canadian activist (d. 1839)
  • 1809 – Alexandros Rizos Rangavis, Greek poet and politician, Foreign Minister of Greece (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist (d. 1895)
  • 1823 – Mackenzie Bowell, English-Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1917)
  • 1832 – Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tretyakov Gallery (d. 1897) 

 

28

  • 1651 – Johann Krieger, German organist and composer (d. 1735)
  • 1655 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk (d. 1698)
  • 1665 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (d. 1716)
  • 1722 – Eliza Lucas, Caribbean-American agriculturalist (d. 1793)
  • 1763 – John Molson, English-Canadian brewer, founded the Molson Brewery (d. 1836)
  • 1775 – Jean-Gabriel Eynard, Swiss banker and photographer (d. 1863)
  • 1798 – Thomas Henderson, Scottish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1844)
  • 1818 – Carl Remigius Fresenius, German chemist and academic (d. 1897) 

 

29

  • 1709 – Elizabeth of Russia (d. 1762)
  • 1721 – Madame de Pompadour, French mistress of Louis XV of France (d. 1764)
  • 1796 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist and journalist (d. 1877)
  • 1800 – Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer (d. 1860)
  • 1808 – Andrew Johnson, American general and politician, 17th President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • 1816 – Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist (d. 1895)

 

30

  • 1642 – Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)
  • 1673 – Ahmed III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1736)
  • 1678 – William Croft, English organist and composer (d. 1727)
  • 1722 – Charles Yorke, English politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
  • 1724 – Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (d. 1805)
  • 1760 – Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general (d. 1829)
  • 1792 – Sylvester Jordan, German lawyer and politician (d. 1861)
  • 1819 – Theodor Fontane, German author and poet (d. 1898)
  • 1819 – John W. Geary, American lawyer and politician, 16th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • 1825 – Samuel Newitt Wood, American lawyer and politician (d. 1891) 

 

31

  • 1668 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch botanist and physician (d. 1738)
  • 1714 – Arima Yoriyuki, Japanese mathematician and educator (d. 1783)
  • 1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1788)
  • 1738 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General of India (d. 1805)
  • 1741 – Gottfried August Bürger, German poet and academic (d. 1794)
  • 1741 – Princess Isabella of Parma (d. 1763)
  • 1763 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
  • 1776 – Johann Spurzheim, German-American physician and phrenologist (d. 1832)
  • 1790 – Antonie Adamberger, Austrian actress (d. 1867)
  • 1798 – Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian physician, philologist, and academic (d. 1850)
  • 1805 – Marie d'Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
  • 1815 – George Meade, American general and engineer (d. 1872)
  • 1830 – Isma'il Pasha, Egyptian politician (d. 1895)
  • 1830 – Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and critic (d. 1867)

 

*Date of baptism According to the Old Style Calendar