Martin Van Buren was the eighth President of the United States. In fact, Van Buren was the first President to be actually born in the United States after the American Revolution. During his time in office, Van Buren continued to oversee the removal of the Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi. He is also the President that resided during the Panic of 1837 which led to a depression that lasted throughout his term in office.
Another interesting fact about Van Buren, the term O.K. became popular when he was in office because he was from Kinderhook New York, which at the time was sometimes referred to as Old Kinderhook or O.K. in the Media of the day.Below you will find resources and information about Van Buren's life and time while he was the Chief Executive of the United States.
Time in Office:
March 4, 1837, to March 3, 1841
Events while in Office:
Banks closed in Philadelphia and New York City on May 10. This was the beginning of the Panic of 1837. The depression that followed would last throughout Van Buren's term.
Continuation of forced relocation of the Cherokee people, which started under Andrew Jackson. 4,000 Native Americans die on the journey known as the Trail of Tears.
William Henry Harrison defeated Van Buren.
- Van Buren was the first president born in the United States. All previous presidents were born before the United States became a country, although all were born in places that would later be a part of the United States.
- His autobiography does not mention his wife once.
- Van Buren took $100,000, the sum of his salary as president over four years, in a lump sum at the end of his term.
- The term "O.K." was popularized because of Van Buren. Van Buren was from Kinderhook, New York, sometimes referred to as Old Kinderhook in speeches and print. O.K. Clubs soon formed to support Van Buren's campaign. "O.K." later came to mean all right.
- Van Buren made three unsuccessful bids for reelection.
Articles About This President:
- Martin Van Buren Biography on the White House website.
- Martin Van Buren Resources at the Miller Center, American President.
- Van Buren Papers at the Miller Center.
- Martin Van Buren National Historic Site (NPS)
- Van Buren's Lindenwald (NPS)
- Martin Van Buren Papers at the Library of Congress.
- Martin Van Buren Papers at the American Presidency Project.
- Calendar of the Papers of Martin Van Buren at Archives.org