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Pregnancy is a complex stage among women. Regular checkups, proper diet, rest, and eating appropriate kinds of food are important to keep the child nourished and healthy. This is the phase wherein women need to be cautious and conscious about their food, exercise, health, lifestyle, and emotions. As much as possible, they should refrain from drinking alcohol, smoking, and be stress to prevent any defects on the child’s development.

However, the health risks may derive from the hormones and genes thus; it may affect the child in the mother’s womb. In this case, there are several possible defects, infections, or diseases that may threaten the child’s health. On this topic, how does a newly born child inherent an autoimmune hemolytic anemia?

 

AIHA Diagnosis among Newly Born

Anemic conditions occur when the mother’s blood cell is different from the father’s blood cell thereafter, the child will inherit either the one of the parent’s blood cell type. For instance, if the child inherits an antigen A whereas the mother has an antigen B, it will be more likely that the child may suffer from anemia. The blood connecting between the mother and child may arise to complications and health risks to the infant.

 

What are the symptoms of AIHA in Newly Born?

1. Pale Skin

Obviously, a newly born infant may appear pale since it suffers from anemia. You will notice the paleness around the eyes, palm, cheeks, and foot.

2. Yellowish Umbilical Cord

A yellowish umbilical cord may occur while the mother is giving birth to the child. Usually, the child will become pale after 24 to 36 hours thereafter leaving the umbilical cord to appear yellowish in color.

3. Enlarge Spleen or Liver

Excess fluids and internal swelling may affect the child giving rise to the Hydrops Fetalis condition. This disease will eventually grow and cause anemia in the infants if not properly treated. In a worst case, the child may experience enlarged liver, spleen, or heart.

4. Yellowish Amniotic Fluid

An amniotic fluid serves as the protection of the baby against any infection. It also keeps the child flexible around this area which allows the baby to swallow and breathe. Although the amniotic fluid is said to be yellow in color and some say it is like urine, the doctors claimed that serious yellowish color may cause a breakdown in the blood cells. In other words, this scenario may give rise to an anemic condition.

 

Laboratory Testing and Health Examination to Infants with AIHA

There are four general medical procedures for diagnosing a newly born anemic condition. These thorough lab test and health examinations are mandatory to determine the health status of the baby.

1. Determine the Rhesus factor

The main reason why the infant experienced anemia is due to the mismatch Rh factor found in the mother and the baby. First and foremost, the medical practitioners should test the antibodies present in the infant and determine if these are positive Rh or negative Rh.

2. Test Using Ultrasound

Afterward, the mother will undergo the ultrasound test to determine if there are any enlarged organs found in the baby. In this way, they can able to provide the proper treatment and medical attention for the mother and her baby.

3. Amniocentesis Treatment

An amniocentesis treatment is a sensitive medical procedure in which a needle is inserted into the mother’s uterine wall and abdomen until it went through the amniotic sac. This is a great method to take samples of the amniotic fluid and determine the color present in the fluid. A yellowish amniotic fluid may lead to several health risks conditions that may affect the blood, liver, or spleen.

4. Blood Sampling at the Percutaneous Umbilical Cord

To supplement the medical report and determine the baby’s health status, a blood sampling is also performed which is also referred to as the Fetal Blood Sampling. As the name suggests, they will get a blood sample from the baby’s umbilical cord. This is a viable way of testing the baby’s antibodies, blood, and bilirubin present in his body. In addition, performing these several medical procedures would help the doctors and medical professionals to know if the baby needs an intrauterine blood transfusion. If you are looking to find best doctor for rare disease like AIHA you can have a go at xpertdox

5. Blood Transfusions

An infant diagnosed with severe anemia may undergo a blood transfusion. Some of these conditions are related to sickle anemia, iron deficiency anemia, and aplastic anemia. Newly born should be provided with immediate medical attention to prevent the anemic condition to become fatal.

6. Use Mechanical Breathing Machine

Some infants may experience breathing difficulty due to their anemic conditions. One possible case is when the amniotic sac of the child becomes yellowish and damage. A mechanical breathing machine is used to fill the child’s lungs with sufficient oxygen and help the oxygenated blood circulate in the body.

7. Phototherapy Treatment

Phototherapy treatment is a medical procedure which uses light as a treatment to reduce the extra bilirubin. As aforementioned, a child should only have a low bilirubin in the body so that it will not cause any impairment in the child’s liver or spleen.