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In today’s world filled with smartphones, internet, and social media, it’s hard to comprehend a time when communicating with someone took more than the click of a button. Back in the 18th century, however, mass communications were slow, and the telegraph wasn’t invented until 1830. This is just one factor that made diplomacy difficult in this century, another one being warfare. This period of time is often referred to as the Age of Revolution, due to the high number of revolutionary wars fought around the world, indicative of power-hungry monarchies and fed-up subjects.

Viva La Revolucion

The late 1700’s marked the beginning of the Age of Revolution. During this period, many people around the world revolted against their governments. Some of the most notable of these revolutions include the French revolutions and the Revolutionary War in America, but also include smaller revolutions, such as one in Peru and one in Haiti.

These revolutions helped shape the world as it is today in many ways. For example, key figures in the US Revolution had great influence in what the country is like today. Alexander Hamilton, for example, was the main author of the Federalist Papers that advocated for a new Constitution, and he created the first national bank.

Meanwhile, in France, the country dealt with not one but several revolutions. One of the most famous revolutions occurred in the late 18th century. This period was ultimately a time of tragedy and violent bloodshed but resulted in nobles giving up their feudal rights, which led to the equality of all Frenchmen and later the famous and everlasting Declaration of the Rights of Men in 1789.

Conflict Resolution in the 1700s

The French Revolution ended with the Reign of Terror. It was at this point that Maximilien Robespierre, who was largely responsible for the bloodshed, was arrested. At this time, conflict resolution in France basically answered to the guillotine, where Robespierre met his death —  as did many other nobles, such as Marie Antoinette.

In fact, violence was often the answer in the 18th century. Many political disputes led to war, whether it was an unfair monarchy ruling overtired and impoverished people, religious agendas, or colonization. In some cases, even pragmatic treaties lead to war, like the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713.

Essentially, Maria Theresa was the last of the direct male line of the rulers of the Austrian Hapsburgs. Her father, King Charles VI, made an amendment to allow her to rule — the Pragmatic Treaty of 1713 — which other monarchies agreed to. Upon receiving the throne after her father’s death. Another ruler, Frederick the Great, took over the Prussian Throne and went to war against the Pragmatic Sanction. When the war ended, the Austrian monarchy was restored, but a male monarch, Francis I of Lorraine, was put in power.

Today, emotional intelligence is imperative, not only to any political event, but in healthcare, social work, and the professional world in general. In the 1700’s, monarchs were only concerned with their own volition, as they believed they were kings through the will of God. This particular phase in history is marked with an unreasonable amount of bloodshed, but it laid a foundation for peace in following years.

About Author

Avery T. Phillips is a freelance human being with too much to say. She loves nature and examining human interactions with the world. Comment or tweet her @a_taylorian with any questions or suggestions.