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Jame Cook was the British naval captain, navigator and explorer who explored the seaways and coasts of Canada and conducted three expeditions into the Pacific Ocean. He discovered the islands of New Caledonia, the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia in the Atlantic. He also discovered Australia in the Pacific, and would find and completely chart New Zealand.

 

He set new standards of thoroughness in discovery, seamanship, navigation, cartography and the care of sailors at sea. He also set new standards in relations with the natives and in the application of science at sea. He had no deaths due to scurvy, a common problem in the 18th century. He insisted on fresh air, ventilation and cleanliness in crew's quarters. Cook saw to it that citrus fruits would be a part of his crew's diet.

Sources:

  • 18th Century Explorer

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