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Known as  "Old Man Eloquent", John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States.  He is the first son of a President to become a President.  This would not be repeated until the 21st century with the election of George W. Bush in 2000. Some historians think that J.Q. Adams tried to complete what his father started while he was in office.  It was during his time in office of the President that the Erie Canal was completed and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first passenger and freight railroad in the Nation. Below you will find information and resources about the sixth President of the United States.

 Image by The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (Restoration by Godot13) [Public domain or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons


Time in Office:

March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1829 

Events while in Office:


The appointment of Henry Clay as secretary of state, led to charges that the Clay and Adams made a bargain in the election of 1824.

Erie Canal completed.


Baltimore & Ohio railroad, the first designed for passengers and freight.

Andrew Jackson defeated Adams. 

Presidential Facts:

  • President Adams regularly swam nude in the Potomac River. Anne Royall, the first American professional journalist, knew of Adams' 5 A.M. swims. After being refused interviews with the president time after time, she went to the river, gathered his clothes and sat on them until she had her interview. Before this, no female had interviewed a president.
  • Adams was the first to be elected president without receiving either the most popular votes or the most votes of the electoral college.
  • He was the first president married abroad.
  • Adams was the first president to be photographed.
  • Adams is the only president to be elected to the House after his presidency.
  • One of his sons, George Washington Adams, died at the age of 28, an apparent suicide.

Source: Potus 


Articles About This President:

  1. Adams, John Quincy (1767-1848)


Presidential Documents:

  1. Inaugural Address of John Quincy Adams
  2. State of the Union Messages by John Quincy Adams 
  3. Orations On the United States Constitution

Internet Resources:

  1. John Quincy Adams biography at the White House website.
  2. John Quincy Adams Resources at the Miller Center, American Presidents website.
  3. America's Christian Rulers: John Quincy Adams article at the Forerunner website.
  4. John Q. Adams argument in the Amistad trial (1841) - His argument before the Supreme Court
  5. John Quincy Adams Papers - The Miller Center
  6. Adams Family Resources - The Massachusetts Historical Society
  7. The Diaries of John Quincy Adams - The Massachusetts Historical Society
  8. Adams National Historical Park (NPS)