Andrew Jackson, known as "Old Hickory" to some folks, was the seventh President of the United States. While he was in the executive office, he oversaw the removal of the Native American tribes to the west of the Mississippi River. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 led to what the Cherokee call "The Trail of Tears. Also he is the President who vetoed the rechartering of the 2nd National Bank that lead to the creation of the Whig Party. Below you will find resources and information about the life and work of Andrew Jackson.
Time in Office:
March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1837
Events while in Office:
Estate of James Smithson funded the establishment of the Smithsonian.
About 2,000 of Jackson's supporters given government jobs. Jackson also set up a "kitchen cabinet" of informal advisers.
Jackson authorizes Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Samuel F. Smith wrote "My Country, 'tis of Thee."
Jackson vetoed the rechartering of 2nd National Bank leading to the creation of the Whig Party.
South Carolina attempted to nullify federal tariff laws. Federal troops sent to South Carolina on December 10.
U.S. became debt free (briefly) for the only time in history.
6000 Mexicans defeated 190 Americans in 12 days at the Alamo on March 6.
The Specie Circular ordered that gold and silver were the only currency acceptable for the purchase of federal lands, issued on July 11.
Jackson signs Treaty of New Echota with unrecognized leaders of Cherokee Nation, which allows him to force the Cherokees to move to land in what is now Oklahoma. 4,000 Native Americans die on this journey, also known as the Trail of Tears.
- Jackson was the only president who served in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
- Jackson was the only president to have been a prisoner of war. He was thirteen when he joined the South Carolina militia to fight in the Revolutionary War. After his capture, he was ordered to clean the boots of a British officer. Jackson refused. The officer then drew his sword and slashed Jackson across the forehead, leaving a scar.
- Jackson was the first president born in a log cabin.
- Jackson was involved in many duels. A duel on May 30, 1806 against Charles Dickinson was over some unflattering remarks made about Jackson's wife. In this duel Jackson was wounded. After he was hit, he took aim and fired at Dickinson. Jackson's gun misfired. As Dickinson was forced to stand his ground, Jackson took aim once again and killed Dickinson. The bullet that wounded Jackson was lodged near his heart and could not be safely removed. He carried that bullet in his chest for the rest of his days.
- Jackson was the first president to ride on a railroad train.
Articles About This President:
- Heroes: Jackson to Jones
- The Defense Of New Orleans
- Native American Discontent in Alabama in the Early 1800s
- The Indian Removal Act of 1830 at the Library of Congress.
- Biography of Andrew Jackson at the White House website.
- Andrew Jackson Resources at the Miller Center, American President website.
- The American Franchise is an article on the Whig Party.
- Andrew Jackson Biography at the North Carolina Encyclopedia website.
- The Hermitage - Jackson Home
- Andrew Jackson Papers at the University of Tennessee
- Select Papers of Andrew Jackson at the Avalon Project website.
- The Jackson Papers at the Hermitage website.
- Jackson Papers on the American Presidency Project website.
- Jackson Papers at the GoodReads website.