Parent Category: 18th Century History Articles
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In Europe, the eighteenth century was a rather interesting one; it was a period that consisted of intellectual, political and social ferment. This century was referred to as the Age of Enlightenment because it was the century that put the ideas of the previous 100 years into a broad scale. A number of discoveries and breakthroughs occurred throughout this century which moulded the civilisation we live in today.

In academia, the new studies of calculus and mechanics began to influence the ideas of our universe. Whereas in a political sense, the views of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes in addition to others would give a rise to democracy which would eventually supplant the monarchical power structure throughout the European continent.

Big Importance on Science

For the first time, science became a central piece of public disclosure. Before this, everything that was considered a scientific enquiry or discovery was perused by a relatively small group of academic whose writing where usually hidden behind the scenes.  Due to the sudden rise in academia, allowed a rapid democratization of scientific knowledge. Another significant development was the rise of scientific journals which were often produced by the academies themselves. The journals created a wide range of audiences. By the middle of the 18th century, the scientific revolution had truly begun; decades of research had been complied, exchanged and corroborated to the public. Leonhard Euler made significant contributions to many different fields including optics, mechanics, artillery and naval science.

Nations at War

During the 18th century Charles the second, who was the ruler of Spain died, he had no children, so it became much of an effort by Europe’s diplomats to influence his choice of an heir. The biggest problem that occurred here was Spain’s huge amount of wealth, so it caused a number of concerns in regards to balance of European power if someone was added from any of the major players. When it was discovered that the king of Spain left everything to a grandson of the king of France, the War of the Spanish Succession becomes inevitable. To further this on, there was the War of the Austrian Succession 1740-1748, an Eastern turmoil during 1768-1795, French upheavals 1789-1815 and of course the French Revolution.

The 18th century was quite the spectacular century with a number important and iconic figures, Napoleon showed his might, Notre Dame was given a spectacular ceremony, Joseph became king of Spain and Louis was given the throne in the Netherlands.

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