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Asian history has got to be one of the most interesting times for the entire world. This massive continent which has been the home for thousands of inspirational figures throughout history, as well as the base for billions of people, even nowadays, is one of the most unique continents on the planet. More than 60% of the world’s population lives in Asia. 

With so many people living in this continent right now, there must be a history to the continent. We have written some interesting facts about the 18th-century Asian history from 1702 to 1799, which will cover almost all interesting events and facts of that century.

Without further ado, let’s get started:

The forty-seven rōnin incident

Samurai is one of the most compelling and interesting figures throughout Japan’s history. Samurai are extremely loyal to their masters and are willing to do anything for them. But in the 18th century, 47 Samurai were forced to be converted into rōnon because their master, Asano Naganori was forced to commit seppuku (suicide) because he somehow assaulted Kira Yoshinaka.

The 47 rōnins banded together to plan Kira’s murder. It took them over a year to plan and execute the plan to murder Kira for hurting their lord’s honor, they took it to themselves to commit seppuku because of the heinous crime of murder. 46 rōnins were sentenced to commit seppuku. This incident is also popularly known as Akō Jiken (Incident of Akō or Akō’s incident).

The story of the 47 rōnin was an extremely popular story in feudal Japan of the Meiji era because it showed the people the true meaning of sacrifice, honor, and respect.

Every year, on December 14th, a festival is held in Sengakuji Temple, where Asano Naganori and the rōnin are buried.

The fall of the Mughal Empire & rise of the Maratha Empire

The history of South East Asia is just incomplete without the mention of the giant and prosperous Mughal Empire that ruled the entire Subcontinent. The subcontinent was basically what modern age Pakistan, Kashmir, India, and Bangladesh are combined.

In 1707, the final prominent leader of the Mughal Empire, the very-strict Muslim emperor Aurangzeb died, while trying to fend off the Dutch East India Company from gaining strength.
But while all this was happening, the Maratha Empire slowly gained strength and ultimately replaced it. The new Maratha Empire peaked from Tamil Nadu (in modern-day India) to modern-day Peshawar (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in Pakistan) and Bengal Subah.  The Marathan Empire was definitely the seventh-largest empire in India.

Unlike the old Mughal Empire that focused on the Muslim religion, the Maratha Empire was a pure Hindu empire. It had four different capitals in different parts of history: Raigad Fort, Jinji, Satara, and Pune.

The eruption of Mount Fuji

Another really interesting event to happen in 18th century Japan was the fact that their beloved Mount Fuji erupted for the first time in 10,000 years. Mount Fuji is one of the main attractions of the entire country, with millions of tourists coming to see the place, and enjoying the marvelous weather as well as the culture of the city surrounding it. Mount Fuji is the 2nd highest volcano on an island in the whole of Asia, and is one of Japan’s “Three Holy Mountains”.

Mount Fuji hasn’t erupted ever since that one time in 1707 to 1708.

The Russo-Turkish War

Turkey is technically a part of Asia, so we are considering the Russo-Turkish war as an accountable member on this list.

The Russo-Turkish wars were a stream of wars between Turkey’s Ottoman Empire and Russia. The war broke out as a consequence of Sweden’s untimely defeat to the Russian Empire. The Ottoman Empire was one of the strongest empires in the entire world at that time and decided to take on the Russian Empire to stop them in their domination efforts.

The entire conflict ended on 21th of July in 1711, because of the Treaty of the Pruth.

Another Russo-Turkish war took place between 1735 to 1739 because of mutual conflict.

The capture of Iran by Afghans

Most people consider the residents of Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan as the same people: Pathans. But it actually is a different case.
Back in 1722, the people of Afghanistan overpowered and overthrew the Safavid Empire. The Safavid Empire was one of the most prominent empires in Iran, and their defeat to outsiders was a fatal blow. Shah Sultan Husayn, the leader of Iran at the time, was overthrown by the Afghans and he died in the same year. This led to the fall of the entire empire, and the rise of Pakhtuns/Pathans in the country of Iran.

The Treaty of Constantinople

The history of Turkey’s Ottoman Empire and Russia’s Russian Empire hasn’t been great. But even if they didn’t have the best of history, they were still able to come to mutual understandings and sign treaties. One of the treaty that both Empires signed was the treaty of Constantinople, which was basically a treaty that allowed Persia (Modern day to be Iran) to be distributed between both Russia and Turkey.
It was a treaty that remains one of the most significant treaties in the history of both countries, even to this day.

Gujin Tushu Jicheng is written

The largest Chinese encyclopedia in the entire world, the Imperial Encyclopedia or Gujin Tushu Jicheng, was written back in 1726. It contained over 800,000 pages and was printed 60 times using a Chinese printer of that time that used copper-based functions.

The encyclopedia is still considered a huge feat, even for modern-day China.

The Afsharid dynasty

One of the rather unknown dynasties in Asia was the Afsharid dynasty, that was able to rule the entire of Persia/Iran and were still able to defeat the Mughals in battle.

The dynasty started in 1736 and was led by Nader Shah until 1747. The dynasty continued their efforts and eventually defeated the Mughal Empire in the Battle of Karnal in 1739. They then took hold of Delhi.


There are a lot more events that took place in the old 18th-century Asian history. But if we were to count every one of them, we could probably write another Gujin Tushu Jicheng on the history itself.